Your Fellow Diners' Size May Affect How Much You Eat
by Alison Bruzek
October 02, 2014 3:34 PM ET
Your dining companion may have more influence over your eating habits than you realize.
We've known that people often have friends with similar body weights, but new research suggests that dining with an overweight companion may make us more likely to eat more unhealthful food.
A study in the appropriately named journal Appetite finds that undergraduates who were offered pasta and salad while eating near a 5-foot-5-inch, 126-pound woman would eat more pasta when she was zipped into a fat suit adding 50 pounds, or about 8 points, to her body mass index.
"We've long known that what a person [you're with] orders can influence what you order," Brian Wansink, director of the Cornell University Food and Brand Lab and one of the study's authors, tells The Salt. "We haven't known as fully how the size of the person who you might be with, how they influence us."
Wansink and his colleagues at Cornell recruited 82 students and one actress from upstate New York to be treated to a pasta and salad buffet lunch. The students were divided into four groups, depending on the look and behavior of the actress: no fat suit and healthful eating; fat suit and healthful eating; no fat suit and unhealthful eating; and fat suit and unhealthful eating. In this case, healthful eating meant the actress served herself a lot of salad, and unhealthful meant she piled on the pasta.
In all groups, the actress was always the first person in the room, and to draw attention to herself, she'd ask out loud, "Do I need to use separate plates for pasta and salad?"
The actress would then gather the appropriate amount of food, and sit down and push the food around (she wasn't actually forced to eat it). After the lunch, the students filled out a questionnaire that included a question on whether they noticed the actress and what her size was.
The results surprised the researchers. The amount of food the actress put on her plate didn't influence the students' behavior, but her perceived weight did. When she wasn't wearing the suit but still took a lot of pasta, the students didn't notice. However, when she was wearing the suit, "if she was next to them or in front of them, they just took a lot of food," says Wansink.